What is methanol?

 Methanol or methyl alcohol or methyl alcohol or wood alcohol is the simplest type of alcohol with the chemical formula CH3OH. Methanol produces many species of bacteria from the anaerobic activity, resulting in a small amount of methanol vapor entering the atmosphere and, after several days, is converted into oxygen by oxygen and oxidized by light from the sun to water and carbon dioxide. Of course, in the methanol burning process, this happens in terms of the materials, but much faster. Meanwhile, burning methanol is a fad and we have to be careful not to burn it with a flame.

2CH3OH + 3O2 → 2CO2 + 4H2O
In 1923, German chemist Pierre Mathias produced methanol from synthesis gas (a blend of CO and H2 derived from coke). In this process, zinc chromate was used as a catalyst, and the reaction was carried out in hard conditions such as a pressure of 300-300 atm and temperature of about 400 degrees Celsius. In the modern methanol production process, catalysts are used that operate at lower pressures and have more efficient performance. Today, synthesis gas is not expected to produce methanol, as is the case with coal, but it is produced from the reaction of methane in natural gases under gentle pressure of 10-20 atmospheres and temperatures of 850 ° C by steam and near nickel catalysts. CO and H2, reacted by the catalytic effect of a mixture of copper and zinc and aluminum oxide, producing methanol. This catalyst was first used by ICI in 1966. The reaction is carried out at a pressure of 50-100 atm and a temperature of 250 ° C.

Another method of methanol production is the carbon dioxide reaction with additional hydrogen that produces methanol and water.

Methanol application

Methanol is one of the three most important chemical products in the world and many materials are derived from it.

Methanol is one of the strategic products and its use in various industries has raised the product as a strategic commodity, and the fluctuation of its price affects many of the manufacturing industries.

Methanol consumption in the industry

Types of industrial adhesives, the use of methanol in a variety of solvents and antifoam, the production of various types of plastics, plywood, paint and explosives, methyl methacrylate for the production of various types of laminates and varnishes ...,

In the production of all kinds of kitchen utensils and equipment, photographic cameras, formaldehyde (formalin) for home use and the production of resins, the production of M.TBE to promote the calming of gasoline and the replacement of TEL, the use of dimethyl ether in methanol instead of cfc in spray Atocele as a propellant, acetic acid and its use as a final product or used to provide all kinds of cellulose acetate for a variety of fibers and fabrics.

New uses of methanol, which have long been engaged in minds

Due to the predictable shortage of energy resources in the future, direct consumption of methanol as a pure fuel or in the production of hydrogen fuel cells is very important.

The production of DME dimethyl ether (21st Century Fuel) and the replacement of gas oil

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